Lesson 1

Teacher Training Module III

Cloze Type Dictation Exercise

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Competency: To be able to conduct a cloze type dictation exercise.

Purpose: A dictation exercise can have many purposes. It is an excellent listening exercise and can by used to sharpen the skills of listening and comprehending. It also helps to develop reading and writing skills by exposing the student to the written form of the language as he listens to the spoken form. Students begin to recognize sight words and to make associations of sounds with letters. The dictations can also be used to develop spelling skills by leaving a blank in place of the words you want the student to practice. Finally, it can help the student to learn the structure of the language by focusing his attention of structures that he does not yet control.

Preparation:

Step 1: Get a copy of the dictation exercise for each student.
You can have the students write directly in the blanks or if the materials are not consumable, you can have the students number the blanks and write the answer on a separate sheet.
Step 2: (Optional) Tape-record the dictation exercise at normal speed with a brief pause after each sentence.
(The advantage of tape recording the exercise is that students will not ask to slow it down or to repeat a word as readily.)
Step 3: (Optional) Make an overhead transparency of the dictation exercise with the blanks filled in.

Teaching:

Step 1: Hand out the dictation sheet.

Tell the students that you are going to play (or read) a passage and that you want them to listen, read along on their sheets, and write in the missing words.
Step 2: Play the tape or read the passage at normal speed with a pause after each sentence allowing the students to write in the missing words.
Do not repeat the sentence.
Step 3: Present the overhead transparency or write the correct answers for each blank on the chalkboard.
Let the students check their work.