exergasia  exergasia
 ex-er-ga'-si-a from Gk. ex, "out" and ergon, "work"
(a "working out")
Also sp. exargasia, epexergasia
expolitio, expolicio
refining, working out

Repetition of the same idea, changing either its words, its delivery, or the general treatment it is given. A method for amplification, variation, and explanation. As such, exergasia compares to the progymnasmata exercises.
No peril is so great that a wise man would think it ought to be avoided when the safety of the father land is at stake. When the lasting security of the state is in question, the man endowed with good principles will undoubtedly believe that in defence of the fortunes of the republic he ought to shun no crisis of life, and he will ever persist in the determination eagerly to enter, for the fatherland, any combat, however great the peril to life.

In the following example, each of the three clauses repeats the same idea in different terms:
Hear the right, O LORD, attend unto my cry, give ear unto my prayer... —Psalm 17:1

Related Figures

See Also

  • copia
  • Amplification
  • Progymnasmata: Fable
    Just as Hermogenes suggested that one alter the treatment of a fable by adding dialogue, so the Ad Herennium author suggests adding dialogue as one way that expolitio can alter a treatment.
  Sources: Ad Herennium 4.42.54-55 ("expolitio"); Melanch. ER E1r-v ("expolicio"); Sherry (1550) 93 ("exergasia," "expolicion"); Peacham (1577) P4v ("expolitio)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Gideon O. Burton, Brigham Young University
Please cite "Silva Rhetoricae" (rhetoric.byu.edu)

Trees | SILVA RHETORICAE | Flowers